Introduction to Git and Github - I

Git and Github

Git

Git is a free open-source version control software. This tool gives developers the flexibility to store and maintain codes and work in a group without overwriting anything.

In real life, projects normally involve more than one developer and work parallel on different features. So, they need a version control system like Git to make sure everything they are working on in place with no conflicts and integration. Also, if anything goes wrong, reverting to the previous thing is a lifesaver.

In this tool, we have a branch feature that helps developers to work on a single feature individually. Hence, it provides the facility to work alone and in a group. In the end, all the individual branches are merged to create an integrated product.

Repositories

If we want to start using Git, we need to know where to host our repositories. A repository (or “Repo” for short) is a project that contains multiple files. In our case, a repository will contain code-based files. Talking about repositories we have many free and paid repositories to store our content in the cloud. For example Github (Owned by Microsoft), Gitlab, Bitbucket, etc. They all have unique features to make the work easy. Also, we can install a repository on our own server but it will be more costly compared to the cloud but it will be totally secure.

We perform pull, push, commit, merge, and many more operations to update the repository or to keep ourselves updated with the repository. In this way, git keeps both the end updated while working in a group remotely as well.

Github

Github is the popular git repository that is owned by Microsoft. The software that runs GitHub was written using Ruby on Rails and Erlang by GitHub, Inc. developers Chris Wanstrath. Github uses Linux Kernel with MySQL to manage databases

It gives us a web-based interface to keep control of our content. Git hub provides us the features of access control, version control management, several collaboration features, merge control, and many more for our repositories.

Github can be referred to as the world's largest software development platform as it has over 65 million developers who are contributing and helping each other as well as themselves to create and develop technologies.

Github is used by many organizations as well to keep all their work upgraded and safe as it gives a private space to a limited number of people of that organization. In addition it gives private space to every individual.

Github has also updated DevOps features to directly deploy projects. The latest version of GitHub Desktop allows you to squash commits, squash and merge, reorder, amend your last commit, check out a branch from a previous commit, and more.



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